Military Zoom

The four discussed here were the 4 most used from the dawn of smokeless powder through WWII. They enjoyed widespread use and tens of millions of rifles were made for them and used by many countries. All four of the cartridges have enjoyed some commercial success especially the 30-06. With good ammo they are useful hunting cartridges.

One of the first of them to be introduced was the 8 X 57 Mauser. Originally brought out in 1888 it was first used in the Commission rifle using a 318 diameter bullet. It originally used a 226 grain round nose at 2100 feet per second. In 1898 when the 98 Mauser came out it also employed this round. In 1905 the diameter was increased to 323 and employed a 154 grain bullet at nearly 2900 feet per second. The 318 diameter load was known as the J load while the newer spitzer was designated the S. Many countries employed this round for the military including, China, Poland and Czechoslovakia. Today it is used for sporting purposes in many countries. Like the others it is a capable sporting and big game load.

Developed in 1887 and introduced in 1888 the 303 British was also widely distributed and used for many years through WWII. Originally introduced with black powder and a 215 grain round nose smokeless propellant was introduced in 1892. A 174 grain spitzer was introduced in 1910 giving it greatly extended range. Velocity was rated at about 2400 feet per second. It served as the military rifle of Great Britain until 1957 when it was replaced by the 7.62 X 51 NATO round. As a sporting round it is still used in many places including Australia and Canada. With the proper ammo it is capable of taking most big game at sensible ranges.

In 1891 the Russians brought out the Mosen Nagant rifle in the 7.62 X 54 Rimmed. Like the rest it used a round nose bullet until 1909 when a 150 grain pointed bullet was employed at a velocity of around 2700 FPS. This round has the distinction of being the longest lived military round in use as even today its used in the Dragnov sniper rifles and heavy machine guns. The Russian round is still used in some target matches in Scandinavia and elsewhere. The rifles are cheap and plentiful plus ammo is available. Like the 303 and 8 X 57 new commercial rifles aren't readily available though you can get a custom job.

The Johnny come lately was the 30-06. It originally came out in 1903 as the 30-03 employing a 220 grain round nose bullet. It came out in the Springfield rifle which is a close copy of the Mauser 98 In fact prior to WWI the US paid a royalty to Germany for each Springfield produced. In 1906 the 150 grain spitzer was employed at a muzzle velocity of 2700 feet per second. There were many military loads employed including a 173 grain at 2700 though it was slightly reduced later on to 2640 FPS. It was replaced in 1957 by the 7.62 X 51 NATO round. However it is a popular as ever among civilians. Anyone who makes rifles and ammo has both in the 30-06. It is the most widely distributed cartridge worldwide.

what are these unlabeled islands ? (pics)?

http://img155.imageshack.us/img155/8250/mapvt5.jpg
http://img161.imageshack.us/img161/8209/mappkp3.jpg

Googlemaps won't let you zoom in on some of them, but the ones you can zoom in on show that they are populated & have what looks like airports/landing strips/military base.

I've never noticed them before!

They are the Azores islands, there names are. From East to West.

Santa Maria
San Miguel
Terceira
Sao Jorge
Pico
Faial

The Island directly North of San Jorge is Graciosa.

Download Google Earth and you will be able to get a better view of them.

Third Lung Smoke Eater! military grade zoom tube




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